Monthly Archives: October 2016

Oathkeepers – How to Use Medicinal Herbs

http://www.yourbodycanheal.com/medicinal-herbs.html

How to Use Medicinal Herbs

So you’ve decided you want to incorporate herbal remedies into your health regimen. Congratulations! You’re embarking on a journey that will help your body heal itself from the inside out in a way that is much more natural, safe and gentle than conventional medicine.

It’s also a journey that can be a little confusing. There are many different types of herbal remedies out there. Sometimes you will find the same herb sold in many different preparations. What do all those different terms mean? Here’s a rundown of some of the most common ways medicinal herbs are sold and used.

Tablets and Capsules: Like conventional drugs, herbs are often packaged and sold in tablet and capsule form. Tablets involve compressing an herb into a round or cylindrical shape, usually with some sort of binder, colorant, flavorings and coating that prevents them from breaking down in the body too quickly. Capsules are usually made of gelatin and the herb is placed inside the shell. Other ingredients can also be mixed in to make the herb taste better or to prevent it from being digested too quickly. Vegetarians can find capsules made of vegetable cellulose, but check the label to make sure you know you’re not getting any animal products.

Extracts: Herbal extracts may be sold as tablets, capsules orliquid herbal extracts; the herbs contained in an extract are far more concentrated than those in a standard pill. Extracts are made by soaking the herbs in alcohol or water (or a combination) and filtering and drying the herb at low heat. Much like culinary herbs become stronger when dried, herbal extracts are highly concentrated remedies, allowing you to take many fewer pills to get a large dose. Continue reading Oathkeepers – How to Use Medicinal Herbs

For Sale – Declan, a Nubian Purebred Registered Buck

img_20160919_112535439 img_20160919_112546301We are rearranging our herd again and adding new bloodlines so our beloved Declan gets to find a new herd of gorgeous girls to breed with.

He is a 1-1/2 year old, proven and registered purebred moonspotted Nubian Buck. He is from a closed clean herd and has given us many, many beautiful babies last season and will again this season. (several of our girls have been bred with him this season already).

He does throw spotted babies and we are keeping both a male and a female off of him for our own herd.

We raise Nubian goats, kunekune pigs, yorkshire meat pigs, chickens, ducks, geese, heritage breed turkeys, coturnix quail and rabbits. Visit our homepage at www.krisandlarry.com.

How To Make Apple Cider Vinegar

We love making our own Apple Cider Vinegar. Check out this article that I found with step by step!!! <3 Kris 

http://thehealthyeatingsite.com/apple-cider-vinegar-recipe/

Making Apple Cider Vinegar From Scraps

Like apple juice, the best apple cider vinegars are organic, unfiltered and raw (unpasteurized). Depending on where you live it may be hard to find really good apple cider vinegar.

Fortunately, it’s easy and very inexpensive to make. It just takes some time, naturally, to ferment. This varies depending on which of the two methods below that you choose to use.

This article will show you how to make apple cider vinegar using two different methods. The first method uses the scraps – cores and apple peels. The second method uses whole apples. 

Method One – Make Apple Cider Vinegar From Scraps

This method uses scraps, like the peels and cores. I like this method because I get to eat my apples and make vinegar too. It’s also faster, taking around two months to complete the process.

You’ll need:
a large bowl or wide-mouth jar
apple scraps, the cores and peels from organic apples
a piece of cheesecloth for covering the jar to keep out flies and debris

Leave the scraps to air. They’ll turn brown, which is exactly what you want. Add the apple scraps to the jar and top it up with water.

You can continue to add scraps for a few more days if you want. If you’re going to do this though, be sure don’t top the jar right up, leave some room for the new scraps.

Cover with the cheesecloth and put it in a warm, dark place. A water cylinder cupboard is perfect.

You’ll notice the contents of the jar starts to thicken after a few days and a grayish scum forms on top. When this happens, stop adding scraps and leave the jar for a month or so to ferment.

After about a month you can start taste-testing it. When it’s just strong enough for you, strain out the apple scraps and bottle the vinegar.

It’s ok if your vinegar is cloudy, there will be some sediment from the apples and what’s known as “the mother”. It’s all good. If you don’t like the cloudiness though, straining it through a paper coffee filter will remove most of the sediment.

Method Two – Make Apple Cider Vinegar From Whole Apples

This method uses whole, organic apples and takes about 7 months to ferment into vinegar.

You’ll need:
10 Whole organically-grown apples
a glass bowl, and later a larger glass bowl
a piece of cheesecloth to cover the bowls

Wash the apples and cut into quarters. You can optionally core and peel them. If you do the scraps can be used to make apple cider vinegar by method one, above.

Let the apples air and turn brown. Then put them into the smaller bowl and cover with water.

Cover the bowl with the cheesecloth and leave in a warm, dark place for 6 months. Again, a hot water cupboard is ideal.

After the 6 months is up, you’ll notice a grayish scum on the surface of the liquid. This is normal. Strain the liquid through a coffee filter into the larger bowl, and leave it for another 4-6 weeks, covered with the cheesecloth.

And there you have it, your own homemade apple cider vinegar

How to use Apple Cider Vinegar

There are lots of ways to use apple cider vinegar. It can be used diluted with water as a hair rinse (don’t worry – the smell disappears quickly), you can also mix with water or fruit juice and drink it.

 

 

Top 23 Uses For Apple Cider Vinegar Backed By Science

by CHANTELLE ZAKARIASEN

Apple Cider Vinegar  has a plethora of useful and medicinal properties. There have been resources written on all the amazing benefits that Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) has regarding multiple physical ailments as well as cleaning and DIY purposes.
ACV is a cheap and effective multi-purpose cleaner, you can add it to your water, tea and salad dressings for a refreshing zing and capitalize on the multiple health benefits you’ll be receiving.

Why All The Fuss Over Apple Cider Vinegar?

The word vinegar translates to vin aigre, is french for “sour wine”. The medicinal uses of vinegar date way back to when it was discovered in 5000 BC by a courtier in Babylonia.

MD’s during the 18th century used it as a multi purpose treatment for ailments like dropsy, stomach ache and even for managing diabetes (1).

Columbus had barrels of apple cider vinegar on his ships to prevent scurvy. Apple cider vinegar was used during the civil war to disinfect wounds and Japanese Samurais drank it for strength and power.

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Hippocrates used vinegar to treat seventeen different conditions (2) ranging from ulcers to fractures.

Apple Cider Vinegar is loaded with vitamins, minerals, and amino acids, its various enzymes help with digestion and 1 Tbs equals is just 3 calories.

 

1. Cleaning 

ACV combined with 2 parts water makes an effective natural disinfectant solution for all surfaces (3).

It’s amazingly affordable compared to commercial natural cleaning products and the smell is really pleasant. You could add a few drops of thieves oil and have a great antibacterial spray for countertops, bathroom, kitchen and carpet deodorizer.

 

2. Hair rinse

There’s a new hair craze on the rise and it relies on the simple method of using baking soda as a shampoo and ACV as a conditioning hair rinse.

Instead of spending loads on junk free shampoos and conditioners, this “no poo” (short for shampoo, not the other stuff) method of hair care works really well and makes your hair super soft.

Thanks to the pH balancing effects that ACV has, anecdotal reports claim it can add shine, softness and break down build up from other hair products.

 

3. Dandruff and Thinning Hair 

The high acidity and powerful enzyme in ACV kill the bacteria responsible for dandruff and hair loss, bottle bacilli, and stimulates our hair natural oils to secrete more effectively and moisturize our scalps better.

Saturate the scalp with ACV and let it sit for a few hours. Use the same treatment for thinning hair and itchy scalp (4).

Continue reading How To Make Apple Cider Vinegar

11 Reasons You Should Go Out Foraging For Juniper Berries

I came across this AWESOME article on Juniper Berries… And I had to share. http://www.naturallivingideas.com/juniper-berries/ 
October 4, 2016 by Sierra Bright

The flavorful berries of junipers are associated with gin, but they have a host of other medicinal and culinary uses. Junipers are conifers, which means they bear cones, rather than berries. So, botanically speaking, juniper berries are not berries, but small female cones with tiny scales that have become fused and fleshy. There are over 50 species of junipers, and all of them bear berries, mostly bluish black with a powdery bloom on them, but some have reddish-orange berries.

You can quickly source dried juniper berries, but they are no match for freshly gathered berries. Look out for accessible juniper trees to get your seasonal supply of berries. Some have needle-like leaves while others have scale leaves that are flush with the stems. Since junipers are mostly dioecious, you need to find female trees and bushes. It’s not hard, though. Since the berries usually take a year or more to mature, the female plants would otherwise have berries at some stage of development throughout the year.

Juniper berries have subtle differences in flavor at different stages of growth. The green berries have a distinctly piney flavor, but they acquire a lemony hint as they mature. The green berries of the common juniper (Juniperus communis) are used for gin flavoring, but many other species such as J. drupacea, J. deppeana, J. oxycedrus and J. California, also produce flavorful berries. Eastern red cedar is also a juniper species (J. virginiana), but its berries are not as pungent as those of J. communis.

Caution: Some species of junipers contain a toxic resin, so it’s IMPORTANT to learn which ones are okay to consume and use. A simple test is biting into a tiny part of a ripe berry. Apart from the flavor, it can be nearly tasteless or mealy, or may be juicy and slightly sweet. If it tastes bitter, spit it out immediately; you don’t want to take a risk with it.

Here are some things you can do with these berries:

1. Use as a digestive aid Juniper berries can improve digestion, just as many other culinary spices do. They increase glandular function, especially the secretion of bile and digestive juices. You can make a tincture or tea from fresh berries or dried ones.

The tea is made by steeping the berries in boiling water for 15-20 minutes. Crush the berries slightly just before adding them to the water. This helps release the bioactive compounds as well as the flavor.

2. Eliminate gas and bloating Stomach pain and discomfort due to gas accumulation is a common complaint, especially after heavy meals. Gas shouldn’t bother you if you have some juniper syrup handy. Have a tablespoon of the syrup after a heavy meal or whenever you feel bloated.

To make the syrup, first, prepare an infusion of juniper berries. Crush 1 oz. berries and add to one cup hot boiled water in a mason jar. Screw the lid on and keep in a warm, dark place for a week, giving the bottle a good shake every day. After a week, mix in 1 cup sugar until it dissolves completely. Strain it into a saucepan and bring to a boil. Pour into a glass jar and store in the refrigerator.

3. Reduce inflammation Juniper berries are anti-inflammatory. It is particularly useful in reducing arthritic pain and swelling. Chronic, generalized inflammation is one of the leading causes of many diseases such as diabetes, atherosclerosis, IBS, etc. Taking a daily dose of 10 drops of juniper tincture once or twice a day may help bring down inflammation and promote good health in general.

To make the tincture, steep crushed juniper berries in alcohol. Try to obtain good quality alcohol, such as Everclear, or use 80-proof vodka or brandy. Use ¾ oz. berries to a cup of alcohol in a glass jar. Keep in a dark place for 4-6 weeks, shaking it once or twice a day. Filter out the clear liquid and store in small bottles.

4. Reduce water retention Water retention in the body makes you feel heavy and lethargic, besides giving you puffy eyes and face. Juniper berries can help reduce water retention by prompting the kidneys to work harder to flush out excess water. This action may also help bring down hypertension. Use a tincture or herbal tea made with juniper berries once or twice a day.

5. Eliminate kidney and gallbladder stones Juniper berries have excellent diuretic action, which helps increase the quantity of urine produced. On the one hand, greater dilution of urine flushes out toxins and mineral salts and prevents the formation of kidney stones. On the other, the extra urine production facilitates the removal of existing stones. Increased bile production and drainage have a similar effect on gall bladder stones.

6. Treat urinary tract infections The antibacterial property of juniper berries combined with the diuretic effect makes it excellent for combating urinary tract infections. The recurring nature of UTI usually make repetitive courses of antibiotics necessary, but this herbal treatment offers an alternative.

7. Relieve congestion Chest congestion due to a cold can be treated with juniper berries. A warm tea made from fresh green berries or 5-10 drops of a tincture in a glass of warm water can be used at bedtime to relieve congestion. It is good for asthmatics also. If you want to avoid alcohol use in children, the juniper berries can be infused in high-quality glycerin.

8. Use as antiseptic Juniper berry tincture can be used as an antiseptic solution to prevent infections setting in cuts and wounds. Wash the wound with diluted tincture or dab it on. It can be used as an antiseptic face wash to reduce acne inflammation and prevent infections too.

9. Flavor meat dishes Juniper berries impart a peppery taste and flavor to dishes, which goes very well with meat preparations. In fact, dried berries were commonly used in place of black pepper when the latter was very expensive. Ripe berries are used in cooking and flavoring because they don’t have much of the turpentine-like taste of the green berries.

10. Use in pickles and soups The peppery flavor of juniper berries goes very well with pickled vegetables and soups. It is, in fact, a popular ingredient of sauerkraut. You can either use fresh berries or dried ones, but crushing them with a pestle or mortar helps release the flavors. Since dry berries have a milder flavor, you need to use more.

11. Make a refreshing drink A fermented Bosnian drink called Smerka can be made from juniper berries and plain water. Add 1 cup berries to 2 quarts of water and allow to ferment for a week or more. The drink is ready when all the berries sink to the bottom. Strain the liquid and drink it lightly sweetened with raw honey if you like.

Bonus: Of course juniper berries are most famous for making gin. Check out this recipe over at Seriouseats.com to find out how to do that.

Caution: Juniper berries should be used in moderation since the active compounds in them stimulate the kidneys. They should be avoided during pregnancy as they may cause strong uterine contractions.

 

Local Plants in Yavapai County – Oathkeepers Preparedness class – October 8, 2016

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Every time you walk outside, take in nature around you. Many plants that grow in your back yard and neighborhood are edible. (There are many however that are poisonous, so please do your research.)

Stepping outside my own house, I can spot so many different plants that are used as food or as medicinal purposes that grow wild here in Yavapai County.  I have fields full of purslane, plantain, dandelions and other amazing plants.

In the past weeks, we have talked about medicinal herbs that you can purchase and plant, so now we are going to hit upon local grown plants that you can step outside and find in Yavapai County. You can also pick up seeds for these local plants online. I have a set of seeds that I purchased as backups in case my wild sets don’t comes back up.  

I am by no means a Master Gardener, but rather someone who takes being prepared very seriously. With the ease of using the Internet, I have been able to research and locate many of the local plants that are GREAT to have in your back yard. I have also been able to discover ones that are NOT so good for my kids and animals such as false red yucca and locoweed.

Plants do not only have to be in big fields or open area, but can be planted in pots in your back yard.

I tend to pick wild dandelion flowers when I am out and about too…. But I make sure that I don’t pick from areas that I know have a ton of car traffic or where they spray pesticides. My back yard is the best place to find the perfect ones.

 “The health benefits of dandelion include relief from liver disorders, diabetes, urinary disorders, acne, jaundice, cancer and anemia. It also helps in maintaining bone health, skin care and is a benefit to weight loss programs. These and other health benefits are currently being studied for complete validation by a number of international institutions.” – https://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/herbs-and-spices/health-benefits-of-dandelion.html


Purslane: The Everyday Edible “Weed” With Extraordinary Health Benefits

http://www.naturallivingideas.com/purslane-benefits/

January 6, 2016 by Sierra Bright

Purslane (Portulaca oleracea)

“A nutritional powerhouse, Purslane contains more omega-3 fatty acids than any other leafy vegetable. It’s rich in vitamins A, C, E as well as magnesium, calcium, potassium and iron. In traditional Chinese medicine, purslane leaves are used for insect bites and bee stings, sores, diarrhea and hemorrhoids.

With a somewhat sour and salty flavor, it’s an acquired taste, but works great in soups and stews. Try breading and frying the leaves for a tempura style side dish.

Even though this weed happily grows in sidewalk cracks, try looking for some that’s a little less trampled – you’ll probably find some in your garden.”   http://www.naturallivingideas.com/18-edible-backyard-weeds-you-should-stop-killing-start-eating/

Purslane (Portulaca oleracea, P. sativa) is known as an annoying weed to many but it reality it is a plant loaded with nutritional value and is actually a “superweed.”  Out of all of the weeds that may spring up in your yard, this one is certainly worth keeping around.

Strangely enough, this weed that seems to pop up all over the place such as in between sidewalk cracks and in fields and lawns is classified by the United States Department of Agriculture as a noxious weed. despite its alluring list of redeeming qualities.

According to reports, purslane, a member of the portulacaceae family, was one of Gandhi’s favorite foods and was also eaten by Thoreau while he lived at Walden Pond.

The benefits of this edible weed did not escape early Americans such as Martha Washington who had a recipe for pickled “pursland” in the Booke of Cookery and Booke of Sweetmeats. This was a collection of hand-written recipes that she received as a wedding gift.

Distribution, Description and Varieties

 
Purslane is an annual plant  that is native to Persia, Africa and India. It grows from late spring until early fall.  It was brought to Europe in the 8th century by Arabs who used it as a salad herb. From Europe, the plant spread into the United States as well as Central and South America. This low growing herb  prefers to grow in vacant areas where the soil is either slightly damp or dry.

The  tear-shaped leaves of this fleshy succulent resemble those of a jade plant and it has a slightly reddish colored stem. Yellow flowers appear in the morning and often close by the heat of the day. After flowering, the plant leaves behind small dark-colored seeds.

There are actually 3 different varieties of purslane, green, golden and large-leaved. All have a similar nutritional profile.

If you don’t already have this weed popping up in your yard or garden, you can generally find it at any farmer’s market.

Taste, Texture and Use

Many describe the taste of purslane as slightly sour but also pleasantly sweet. Because it is a succulent, its leaves are very crisp making it a great addition to salads. However, its use does not stop here, you can also enjoy purslane in stir fry dishes, soups, pickles, rice, potato dishes  and even casseroles.

Nutritional Profile

Purslane has a very impressive nutritional profile which includes many substances of  varied therapeutic value:

  • rich source of potassium ( 494 mg/100g)
  • rich source of magnesium ( 68mg/100g)
  • contains calcium ( 65mg/100g)
  • contains vitamins C, A and E
  • containsalpha linolenic acid ( ALA) and gamma-linolenic acid ( LNA)
  • contains alpha-tocopherol and ascorbic acid

Omega-3 fatty Acids

Purslane is one of the richest sources of omega-3 fatty acids found in any green plant and even higher than some types of fish. Omega 3 fatty acids have been proven to decrease the thickness of the blood making them beneficial in the treatment of vascular conditions.  In addition, a diet rich in omega 3 fatty acids has been found to help with the following conditions:

Depression: Research has indicated that depression rates were low in areas where people consumed a diet rich in omega 3 fatty acids.

Bipolar disease: There is a strong indication that omega 3 fatty acids help with bipolar disease.

ADHD: Omega 3’s have been found to help children with ADHD. Sneak some purslane into your children’s smoothies to help with cognitive function and focus.

Dry Eye Syndrome: Omega 3 fatty acids may help with dry eye syndrome. Therefore, a diet rich in omega 3’s such as those found in purslane can keep this condition at bay.

Autism: A diet rich in omega 3’s may help children with autism.

Blood Sugar: Research shows that diets rich in omega 3 fatty acids may decrease insulin resistance in people with diabetes. Just a handful of purslane day can help keep your blood sugar in check.

Baby Development: According to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) benefit both eye and cognitive development in babies. According to the study

Reduced Risk of Pneumonia:  A higher intake of omega 3 has been found to reduce the risk of pneumonia.

Heart Health: Omega 3 helps to boost the strength of the cardiovascular system. These powerful fatty acids can reduce “bad” cholesterol and promote healthy cholesterol. In addition, consuming foods high in omega-3’s has been shown to significantly reduce the risk of heart disease and atherosclerosis which helps prevent the incidence of heart attack and stroke. In addition, purslane contains potassium which reduces blood pressure as it acts as a vasodilator, relaxing blood vessels and deceasing strain on the heart muscle.

Antioxidants

You have probably heard the word antioxidants before. These are manmade and naturally occurring chemicals that help fight free radicals that cause cellular damage. In fact, antioxidants can help protect you from serious conditions such as heart disease, diabetes and macular degeneration.

Purslane is rich in vitamins A, C and E which are all known for their antioxidant potency. In addition, this edible weed also contains two betalain alkaloid pigments, beta-cyanins and beta-xanthins, which also act as antioxidants.  Antioxidants also help protect you from certain types of cancers, specifically lung and oral cancers. The beta cyanins and beta xanthins have a anti-mutagenic impact on the body as they prevent free radicals from causing mutations to healthy cells. This keeps cancer development at bay.

Vitamins and Minerals

The vitamins and minerals in purslane including iron, magnesium, potassium and manganese are all beneficial to health.

Improved Circulation: The iron and copper in purslane  help to stimulate the production of red blood cells. Because of these minerals, there is more oxygen being delivered to essential parts of the body, along with increased speed of healing cells and organs, improved metabolic efficiency and even increased hair growth.

Strong Bones: The wide variety of minerals in purslane work together to protect bones. The elements required to build strong hone tissue include calcium, magnesium, iron and manganese. These elements also help speed the healing process of bones which can help prevent osteoporosis.

Improved Vision: Both vitamin A and beta-carotene have been associated with eye health. Studies show that purslane can help reduce the risk of macular degeneration and cataracts by eliminating free radicals that attack and damage the eyes and can cause commonly age-related diseases.

Skin Conditions: The vitamin A in purslane along with other nutrients can help reduce inflammation when applied topically to stings and bites. Also, it can boost the appearance, stimulate cellular healing, decrease the appearance of wrinkles, scars and blemishes.

Gastrointestinal Health  In traditional Chinese medicine, purslane is used for a number of gastrointestinal conditions including diarrhea, intestinal bleeding, dysentery and hemorrhoids. Even today the herb known as Ma Chi Xian in Chinese medicine is used to treat numerous intestinal conditions. It is thought to be effective mainly due to the numerous beneficial organic compounds it contains including dopamine, citric acid, alanine, glucose and malic acid.

Weight Loss Aid  If you are looking to drop a few pounds, look to the nutrient-dense purslane that is also loaded with fiber. If you consume a meal that contains purslane you will feel full and be less likely to overeat.

How to Grow Your Own Purslane

If you want your very own stash of purslane, it is remarkably easy to grow. Simply scatter seeds (available tobuy from here) over a sunny or partly sunny area that has some good organic soil or compost. Do not cover the seeds, they need light in order to germinate. Water lightly and wait for germination. Be sure to harvest the purslane regularly or it will become invasive. It is best to harvest before the flowers open.

You can also set cutting into the ground and water them. They generally root within a few days.

Be sure to collect the seeds at the end of the season and plant them next year.

If you are going to collect purslane from other places, be sure that it has not been sprayed with pesticides.

If you are buying purslane from your local farmer’s market or health store, look for leaves that are perky, not floppy. Don’t buy the herb if it has brown spots or appears dry. It is always best to use fresh purslane within a day or so in order to reap all of its benefits.


Preserving Dandelion Roots

How To Harvest Dandelion Roots & 7 Ways To Use Them

Dandelion roots can be used fresh from the ground for both culinary and medicinal purposes but if you want to store some of your harvest for future use, you’ll need to dehydrate it.

If you have a dehydrator, simply slice the cleaned roots into strips of equal size and dry them until brittle.

Alternatively, wrap each whole root with a long piece of string and hang in cool, dry location with good air flow for several days until completely brittle. Once dry, cut into small pieces.

Whichever method you choose, store your dried root in a glass jar for up to a year. If dried correctly, the outer flesh of the dandelion root should have a dark color while the inner flesh should be creamy white.

Using Your Dandelion Root

There are several ways to utilize your dandelion root harvest. Here are some of the best:

1. Dandelion Root Tincture

A tincture is a fast-acting, alcohol-based plant medicine. Dandelion root tincture is used for its anti-inflammatory properties. It is also said to be a fantastic diuretic, blood cleanser and natural detoxifier for the liver, spleen and gallbladder.

Herbalists use the dandelion root tincture to improve overall health and vitality, regulate blood sugar, reduce stress, eliminate age spots and clear up skin condition like psoriasis, eczema, and acne.

To make a tincture:

  1. Place the dandelion root in a jar and cover with 100 proof (50%) vodka. Ensure there is at least an inch of vodka above the dandelion roots. The 100 proof vodka enables the alcohol concentration to stay high enough to prevent fermentation and rot.
  2. Cover tightly and allow to steep for 6 weeks, shaking daily.
  3. Strain out the root using a muslin cloth and store the liquid tincture in a sterilized dark glass bottle. Compost the roots.
  4. For optimum health, take a few drops daily in juice or water.

2. Dandelion Root Infusion / Tea

Probably the most common use of dandelion roots, this healing tea is high in antioxidants, helps balance blood sugar, aids digestion, acts as a natural diuretic and mild laxative, cleanses the liver, prevents UTIs and more.

To make this simple infusion:

  1. Place one ounce of dried roots or two ounces of fresh roots in a pot with one pint of water. Bring to a boil, cover, and simmer for 20 minutes. Strain and compost the roots.

3. Dandelion Root Decoction

decoction is an infusion which has been reduced to one-half its volume by slow evaporation. They are more potent than infusions and keep for longer if carefully stored under refrigeration.

You can use the decoction for anything you would use the infusion/tea – except you can simply imbibe a smaller amount for the same effect. This makes decoctions particularly effective for treating children or animals. One cup of infusion is equal to one quarter cup of a simple decoction.

To make a decoction:

  1. Make the simple infusion/tea outlined above.
  2. Heat the infused liquid until it begins to steam (but before it simmers). Turn the heat to low and steam until the liquid is reduced to one quarter of its original volume.
  3. Once cooled, pour the decoction into a sterile dark bottle and store in the refrigerator.

4. Dandelion Root Poultice

Dandelion root can be used in a poultice to treat skin disorders like acne, eczema, itching, psoriasis, rashes, abscesses and boils.

Follow the steps below to make a simple poultice:

  1. Process one cup of dried dandelion root in a food processor into a fine powder.
  2. Add a small amount of warm water to the powder to form a thick paste.
  3. Spread the paste over a piece of gauze and apply to the clean, dry, affected area.
  4. Wrap the poultice with plastic wrap and a towel and secure it with a safety pin.
  5. Leave for 20 minutes to three hours as needed and repeat as necessary.

5. Dandelion Root Coffee

Roasted dandelion root is a delicious caffeine-free alternative to coffee. Combine it with roasted chicory root for a deep, slightly bitter flavor. This recipe also mixes in cinnamon for a sweet spiciness with added healing properties.

To make:

  1. Place four cups of water, two tablespoons of ground roasted dandelion root, two tablespoons of ground roasted chicory root and one cinnamon stick in a pot.
  2. Bring to a boil, then simmer for five minutes.
  3. Strain and enjoy your healthy coffee substitute, adding a milk of your choice if desired.

6. Dandelion Root Vinegar  Blend dandelion root with apple cider vinegar for a delicious vinegar that works well in salads and soups. You can also add it to water to get your daily dose of apple cider vinegar with the extra health benefits of dandelion.

For a gut friendly vinegar simply:

  1. Fill a mason jar two-thirds full with finely chopped fresh or dried dandelion root. Fill to the top withraw apple cider vinegar with ‘the mother’.
  2. Leave to infuse for six weeks, in a cool place away from direct sunlight, before straining through a muslin cloth. Store in a sealed glass jar.

7. Dandelion Root Smoothies  If you’re a green smoothie lover – and here are 13 reasons why you should be – consider adding some dandelion root to your shake to boost the nutritional content and support the liver.

If using dried root, place it in the blender and process to a fine powder before adding the other ingredients. If using fresh dandelion root, you can blend it with all the other ingredients as normal.

Precautions

Dandelion is generally considered safe to take, although medicinal herbs are potent time-honored treatments so speaking to your doctor before use is recommended.

Avoid dandelion if:

  • You are allergic to ragweed, chrysanthemums, marigold, chamomile, yarrow, daisies, asters or iodine.
  • It triggers heartburn symptoms or irritates the skin.
  • You are pregnant or nursing.

Those who have gallstones, biliary tract obstruction, stomach ulcers, gastritis or irritable bowel should speak with their health care provider before taking dandelion, as should those on potassium supplements, blood thinners or medications to treat infection.

Wondering what to do with your leftover dandelion leaves and blossoms? Here are 25 great ideas for you to try out.

25 Reasons To Go & Pick Dandelions Right Now

25 Reasons To Go & Pick Dandelions Right Now

March 11, 2016 by Jayne Leonard

Who hasn’t seen those pesky yellow weeds pop up in the garden from time to time? Yet try as you might – from picking them to poisoning them – nothing keeps them at bay for too long.

Perhaps it’s time you embraced the tenacious dandelion and all the benefits it can bring?

”Probably the most well-known of all weeds, the humble dandelion is actually bursting with vitamins A, B, C, and D, as well as minerals such as iron, potassium, and zinc. The great news is that there’s probably a ton of this nutritious weed in your backyard.

Dandelion has been used throughout history to treat everything from liver problems and kidney disease to heartburn and appendicitis. Today, it is mainly used as a diuretic, appetite stimulant and for the liver and gallbladder.

Every part of this common weed is edible, from the roots to the blossoms. Use the leaves in sandwiches and stir fries – they boast more beta carotene than carrots, meaning they are great for healthy eyes! Roots can be made into a herbal tea, or roasted and ground as a coffee substitute. The sweet flower heads will add color to salads and can be used to make wines.”

http://www.naturallivingideas.com/18-edible-backyard-weeds-you-should-stop-killing-start-eating/

The Health Benefits of Dandelions

Dandelion has been used throughout history to treat everything from liver problems and kidney disease to heartburn and appendicitis.

Every part of this common weed – from the roots to the blossoms – is edible. It’s a good thing too, as the humble dandelion is bursting with vitamins A, B, C and D, as well as minerals such as iron, potassium and zinc.

Some benefits of eating your weeds:

  • The leaves boastmore beta carotene than carrots, meaning they are great for healthy eyes!
  • The greens alsoprovide 535% of the recommended daily value of vitamin K, which is vital for strengthening bones and preventing cognitive decline.
  • A2011 study showed that dandelion root tea may induce leukemia cells to die. Researchers reported that the tea didn’t send the same ‘kill’ message to healthy cells.
  • The plant isa diuretic that helps the kidneys clear out waste, salt and excess water by increasing urine production – perhaps the reason that European children’s lore claims you will wet the bed if you pick the flowers!
  • With such a rich nutrient load, the plant is filled with antioxidants – which may help stave off premature aging, cancer, and other illnesses caused by oxidative stress.
  • Animalstudies discovered that dandelion root and leaf manages cholesterol levels.
  • Research alsoshows that dandelion extract boosts immune function and fights off microbes.
  • Dandelion can also help the digestive systemaccording to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Fresh or dried dandelion can stimulate the appetite and settle the stomach while the root of the plant may act as a mild laxative.

25 Remarkable Uses for Dandelions

In the Kitchen  Because the entire plant is edible there are a myriad of ways in which you can use dandelion for culinary purposes.

  1. Sautéed Greens and Garlic With their rich mineral and vitamin content, dandelion greens are a healthy addition to any meal. Sautéing withgarlic(or ginger or capers) adds flavor and negates some of the bitterness often associated with these leaves. Blanching them by immersing them in boiling water for 20 to 30 seconds helps reduce this acrid taste. Avoid the very mature leaves as these can be too unpleasant for some. This double garlic and greens recipe is a delicious one.
  2. Dandelion Pumpkin Seed Pesto This nutritious pesto is perfect for a simple pasta, sandwich spread or veggie dip. Because the dandelion greens have a slight bite, the toasted pumpkin seeds, lemon juice and parmesan are vital to bring balance. Here ishow you make it.
  3. Tempura Blossoms Fried dandelion flowers, first dipped in seasoned batter, make a tasty, attractive and novel snack or side dish. By removing all the bitter green parts, you’re left with the mild-tasting and faintly sweet blossoms. Followthis recipe here.
  4. Herbal Vinegar Enjoy increased wellbeing by using this herbal vinegar on salads, in dressings, soups, stews and sauces or by simply mixing with water and drinking as a revitalizing tonic. Infuse dandelion flowers inapple cider vinegar for four weeks, strain and store in a dark place for up to twelve months. These steps outline how to make the infusion.
  5. Vegetarian Risotto Cook the flowers and make them into a jewel-like vegetarian risotto. While the dandelions add visual appeal and a mild sweet taste, the onion, wine, stock, creamy yogurt and parmesan lend a rich, deep flavor and smooth texture. The Vegetarian Societyinspired recipe can be found here.
  6. Kimchi Instead of thetraditional spicy and sour Korean kimchi which is made with cabbage, this foraged alternative uses dandelion greens. Eat your way to good gut health by fermenting the greens with herbs, spices, green onions and soy sauce, as outlined in this recipe.
  7. Savory Muffins These soaked muffins, made with whole wheat flour, oatmeal, honey and dandelion petals are perfect for serving with Spring time soups such as asparagus or green pea. Learnhow to make them here.
  8. Petal Sorbet Make a delicious iced treat from freshly picked dandelion blossoms, sugar,honey and lemon juice. It’s perfect for a summer’s day in the garden, or served after one of the many dandelion-inspired main meals here! You’ll find the recipe here.
  9. Jelly This delicate jelly is delicious and sweet as honey. Use it on top of toast, crumpets or anything else that takes your fancy. It keeps in an airtight container for up to two weeks – but it definitely won’t last that long! FollowMartha Stewart’s recipe.
  10. Pancake and Waffle Syrup Love pancake syrup but want to avoid the sickly sweet store-bought variety, which is loaded with nasty artificial additives and preservatives? Then this is the recipe for you! It’s made with just three ingredients – dandelions, lemon and sugar or honey. Thetwo-day process is described here.
  11. Dandelion Blossom Cake A sweet, delicious and slightly tropical cake made with dandelion syrup, blossom petals,cinnamon, crushed pineapple, walnuts and coconut, this is sure to be a hit with the whole family. Click here to go to the recipe.
  12. Dandelion Cookies Another sweet dandelion based treat, these healthy lemony cookies include organic local honey and oats.
  13. Dandelion Root Coffee As we’ve found out, no part of the humble dandelion has to go to waste. After you’ve sautéed the greens, and used the blossoms in your dessert, hang onto the roots and brew a caffeine-free alternative tocoffee. Roast them before grinding for a deep, earthy flavor. Discoverexactly what to do here.
  14. Iced Lime and Dandelion Tea This pretty iced lime and dandelion tea is so good even the kids will love it. It’s also refreshing, natural and has many skin promoting properties. Blend a quart of dandelion flowers with fresh lime juice, stevia leaves or other sweetener, and dried red raspberry leaf. Learn how to makethis healing tea here.
  15. Dandelion Wine Surprisingly, these pesky weeds can make afine country wine– rich, strong and medium sweet. Head out into the countryside (or backyard) with a gallon container and collect enough complete flowers to loosely fill it. Ferment these with water, lemon zest and raisins for a couple of months before enjoying. The full wine making process is detailed here.
  16. Danish Schnapps – Two Ways If country wine isn’t your thing, perhaps a Danish schnapps sounds more appealing? Make it with the flower heads for a fresh, aromatic and mildly sweet taste which goes well with chocolate, sweet desserts and cakes. Or, for a dry, spicy and very aromatic drink, brew it with the roots. Enjoy the schnapps on its own or serve with roast meat and other robust flavors. Therecipes can be found here.

For Health and Beauty  Dandelion’s properties extend beyond the dinner table – they can also be harnessed to reduce pain and inflammation, and treat minor skin maladies.

  1. Moisturizer Trymaking this dandelion and coconut oil moisturizer that’s great for dry elbows and feet, helps to relieve sore muscles and aches and can also be used as a lip balm or aftershave. Get the recipe here.
  2. Pain Relieving Oil Dandelions are one of the most useful plants toreduce joint pain and aching muscles. Infuse the flowers in an oil and rub onto sore muscles and joints, or anywhere pain strikes. To make, simply fill a small mason jar with fresh dandelion flowers and pour in a base oil – like sweet almond or olive – until the jar is full. Leave to infuse in a warm place for two weeks before straining the oil and decanting into a sterilized jar. Store in the fridge. For a full tutorial with step by step photos, click here.
  3. Pain Relieving Salve For a more portable version of the pain relieving oil, go one step further and turn the infusion into a soothing balm – ideal for carrying in your purse or gym bag, or keeping in the car or office. Create a double boiler and blend beeswax with the infused oil. Pour this mixture into a jar or tin and allow to cool before using. Exact measurements andinstructions are here.
  4. Lotion Bars These therapeutic lotion bars help the toughest cases of cracked, dry skin by adding moisture and alleviating inflammation and soreness. If you’re an avid gardener, or frequently do very manual work, rub the bar over your hands several times a day. It’s a lot less messy than salve! Blend infused dandelion oil with beeswax,shea butter and lavender essential oil for a silky, smooth healing bar. The full process is detailed here.
  5. Wart Remover Dandelions are a natural wart remover. You’ve probably noticed that the roots, stems and leaves of the plant exude a white sticky resin – this is the secret weapon against warts. Apply this sap directly onto warts once, or several times, per day and they should soon disappear.

In the Home and Garden  Use dandelions to add a pop of color to your home, or some much needed nutrients to the garden.

  1. Floating Table Centerpiece Make a stunning and chic dandelion centerpiece simply using reclaimed wood and small nails. Assemble a box from the wood, hammer small finishing nails through the underside, and slide handpicked dandelions on top – creating a centerpiece that appears to be floating. Find outmore here.
  2. Natural Yellow Dye Cook dandelion heads for an all-natural alternative to chemical-based dyes – which cancontribute to water pollution. This is an especially useful tip for those who weave their own wool but can be used on any garment. Here is how you can use the dye to brighten up your fabrics.
  3. Fertilizer Aliquid fertilizer, or ‘weed tea’ is simple to make and will give your garden a boost of nutrients. Deep rooted dandelions are especially valuable weeds as they are so nutritious. Since you can’t toss them into the compost pile as their seeds are still viable, brew up this organic fertilizer instead and pour or spray it onto flower beds and vegetable gardens. Here is the simple process for making the fertilizer.
  4. Feed Your Goats If you keep goats (andhere’s why you should!) then you’ll know that they need a diverse, vegetarian diet. Use your unwanted dandelion weeds to form a portion of that balanced diet. Research has shown that animals choose what to eat based on their individual nutritional needs so if you simply leave the dandelions for the goats, they’ll most likely munch on them and save you the job of weeding!

Save Some For The Bees!

Dandelions are the first food of the season for the bees. When picking the dandelions, make sure not to claim them all for yourself. Leave enough for the bees to enjoy. And learn more about ways we can save the bees and why we should here. 

dandelion

Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

We are always researching for our preparedness and we came across this chart of all of the local plant in Yavapai County.  

Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants    
Common Name Index

http://cals.arizona.edu/yavapaiplants/CommonNameIndex.php

 
 
  Home   Plant Communities Plant List Search Forbs Search Grasses Search Woody Plants Additional Resources About this Website
 
 

 

View Scientific Names
Agave and Yuccas
                   
banana yucca

 

beargrass

 

fineleaf yucca

 

goldenflower century

 

Parry’s agave

 

soaptree yucca

 

 

 

     
                   
Cacti
                   
beavertail cactus

 

brown-spine prickly pear

 

cactus apple

 

Christmas cholla

 

claret cup cactus

 

Common beehive cactus

 

dollarjoint pricklypear

 

     
Engelmann’s hedgehog cactus

 

Graham’s nipple cactus

 

pinkflower hedgehog 

 

saguaro

 

strawberry hedgehog

 

whipple cholla

 

       
       
Forbs        
                   
Abert’s buckwheat

 

Adonis blazingstar

 

Albert’s creeping zinnia

 

alfalfa

 

alkali buttercup

 

alpine pennygrass

 

Alpine woodsorrel

 

     
American black nightshade

 

American dragonhead

 

American speedwell

 

American vetch

 

American wild carrot

 

annual Townsend daisy

 

Apache lobelia

 

     
aridland goosefoot

 

Arizona bladderpod

 

Arizona mousetail

 

Arizona popcornflower

 

Arizona poppy

 

Arizona ragwort

 

Arizona scarlet-bugler

 

     
Arizona thistle

 

Arizona valerian

 

ashen milkvetch

 

aspen fleabane

 

baby slippers

 

bajada lupine

 

basin bladderpod

 

     
bastard toadflax

 

bearded cryptantha

 

beardlip penstemon

 

bedstraw

 

betonyleaf brickellbush

 

biannual lettuce

 

bigbract verbena

 

     
Bigelow onion

 

Bigelow’s amaranth

 

Bigelow’s linanthus

 

birdbill dayflower

 

birdsfoot trefoil

 

bitter dock

 

black bindweed

 

     
black medic

 

black mustard

 

blue milkwort

 

blue skullcap

 

Bluebonnet lupine

 

bluedicks

 

blunt tansymustard

 

     
bouncingbet

 

branched noseburn

 

bridge penstemon

 

bristlecup sandmat

 

broadfruit combseed

 

Broadleaf cattail

 

broadleaf lupine

 

     
broom milkwort

 

brownfoot

 

brownplume wirelettuce

 

buffalobur nightshade

 

butterfly milkweed

 

caliche globe mallow

 

California brickellbush

 

     
California caltrop

 

California cottonrose

 

California plumeseed

 

camphorweed

 

Canada goldenrod

 

Canadian horseweed

 

Canadian white violet

 

     
canaigre dock

 

cardinalflower

 

carelessweed

 

Carruth’s sagewort

 

catmint 

 

chaparral fleabane

 

chaparral nightshade

 

     
chia

 

Chihuahuan brickellbush

 

clasping Venus’ looking-glass

 

Cleveland’s desertdandelion

 

clustered broomrape

 

Colorado four o’clock

 

Columbian monkshood

 

     
common dandelion

 

common hop

 

common mallow

 

common mouse-ear chickweed

 

common mullein

 

Common plantain

 

common sheep sorrel

 

     
common sowthistle

 

common sunflower

 

Cooper’s rubberweed

 

Coulter’s spiderling

 

Coulter’s wrinklefruit

 

cream cup

 

crested anoda

 

     
crestrib morning-glory

 

crossflower

 

crowpoison

 

curly dock

 

curlycup gumweed

 

curlytop gumweed

 

curlytop knotweed

 

     
curvepod fumewort

 

curveseed butterwort

 

cushion cryptantha

 

cutleaf coneflower

 

cutleaf waterparsnip

 

Dakota mock vervain

 

Dalmatian toadflax

 

     
Davidson’s buckwheat

 

dense false gilyflower

 

desert biscuitroot

 

desert broomrape

 

desert globemallow

 

desert Indian paintbrush

 

desert marigold

 

     
desert mariposa lily

 

desert penstemon

 

desert princesplume

 

desert tobacco

 

desert trumpet

 

desert wishbone-bush

 

desert woollystar

 

     
devil’s beggartick

 

devil’s claw

 

diffuse knapweed

 

distant phacelia

 

dotted smartweed

 

doubting mariposa lily

 

Douglas’ knotweed

 

     
Drummond’s false pennyroyal

 

dwarf false pennyroyal

 

dwarf four o’clock

 

dwarf Indian mallow

 

dwarf milkweed

 

dwarf prairie clover

 

dwarf stickpea

 

     
Eastern Mojave buckwheat

 

Eastwood’s monkeyflower

 

Engelmann’s milkweed

 

erect spiderling

 

eyed gilia

 

fall tansyaster

 

false agoseris

 

     
false boneset

 

Fendler’s desert dandelion

 

Fendler’s drymary

 

Fendler’s globemallow

 

Fendler’s meadow-rue

 

Fendler’s sandwort

 

fetid goosefoot

 

     
fewflower beggartick

 

field anoda

 

field bindweed

 

field sagewort

 

filaree

 

fineleaf hymenopappus

 

firecracker penstemon

 

     
firewheel

 

fivewing spiderling

 

flatspine bur ragweed

 

flatspine stickseed

 

flaxflowered ipomopsis

 

foothill deervetch

 

Fort Bowie prairie clover

 

     
fragrant snakeroot

 

freckled milkvetch

 

fringed redmaids

 

fringed rockdaisy

 

fringed twinevine

 

fringed willowherb

 

Fuller’s teasel

 

     
garden asparagus

 

glandular threadplant

 

golden columbine

 

golden crownbeard

 

golden tickseed

 

gooseberryleaf globemallow

 

Gordon’s bladderpod

 

     
Graham’s ticktrefoil

 

grassleaf mudplantain

 

great ragweed

 

greenleaf five eyes

 

greenspot nightshade

 

groundcover milkvetch

 

hairy beggarticks

 

     
hairy evening primrose

 

halfmoon milkvetch

 

hardheads

 

harlequinbush

 

head sandmat

 

henbit deadnettle

 

herb sophia

 

     
hiddenflower phacelia

 

Hill’s lupine

 

hoary Townsend daisy

 

Hooker’s evening primrose

 

horehound

 

horned pondweed

 

horned spurge

 

     
horsetail milkweed

 

hummingbird trumpet

 

husk tomato

 

hyssopleaf sandmat

 

Indian rushpea

 

Indianhemp

 

ivyleaf groundcherry 

 

     
ivyleaf morning-glory

 

James’ buckwheat

 

James’ cryptantha

 

Jerusalem oak goosefoot

 

lambsquarters

 

largeflower onion

 

leafy pondweed

 

     
least duckweed

 

lesser wirelettuce

 

Lewis flax

 

limestone bedstraw

 

limestone phacelia

 

Lindley’s silverpuffs

 

little bur-clover

 

     
little hogweed

 

little redstem monkeyflower

 

littleleaf brickellbush

 

lobeleaf groundsel

 

London rocket

 

longcapsule suncup

 

longleaf cologania

 

     
longleaf false goldeneye

 

longleaf pondweed

 

Loomis’ thimblehead

 

Louisiana vetch

 

MacDougal’s Indian parsley

 

maiden blue eyed Mary

 

Maltese star-thistle

 

     
Mangas Spring phacelia

 

manyflowered ipomopsis

 

marijuana

 

mariola

 

mat amaranth

 

mealy goosefoot

 

Mearn’s bird’s-foot trefoil

 

     
Menzies’ fiddleneck

 

mesa tansyaster

 

Metcalfe’s ticktrefoil

 

Mexican gold poppy

 

miner’s lettuce

 

miniature woollystar

 

Missouri goldenrod

 

     
Missouri gourd

 

mock cypress

 

Mojave milkweed

 

moth combseed

 

moth mullein

 

narrowleaf four o’clock

 

narrowleaf plantain

 

     
narrowleaf stoneseed

 

narrowstem cryptantha

 

Navajo fleabane

 

netted globecherry

 

Nevada biscuitroot

 

Nevada cryptantha

 

Nevada pea

 

     
New Mexico copperleaf

 

New Mexico fleabane

 

New Mexico plumeseed

 

New Mexico thistle

 

New Mexico ticktrefoil

 

night scented stock

 

Nuttall’s linanthus

 

     
Oak Creek ragwort

 

oblongleaf false pennyroyal

 

orange fameflower

 

pale evening primrose

 

Palmer’s buckwheat

 

Palmer’s penstemon

 

Pennsylvania pellitory

 

     
Pennsylvania smartweed

 

peppermint

 

perennial rockcress

 

pineywoods geranium

 

pink alumroot

 

pinyon goosefoot

 

pitseed goosefoot

 

     
plains blackfoot

 

plains flax, yellow flax

 

poison hemlock

 

Powell’s amaranth

 

prairie spiderwort

 

prairie sunflower

 

prickly lettuce

 

     
prickly Russian thistle

 

pricklyleaf dogweed

 

prostrate knotweed

 

prostrate pigweed

 

prostrate sandmat

 

puncturevine

 

purple bird’s-beak

 

     
purple locoweed

 

purple loosestrife

 

purple owl clover

 

purplenerve springparsley

 

pygmy bluet

 

radishroot woodsorrel

 

ragleaf bahia

 

     
red dome blanketflower

 

redroot amaranth

 

redroot buckwheat

 

redroot cryptantha

 

redwhisker clammyweed

 

ribseed sandmat

 

Richardson’s geranium

 

     
Rocky Mountain iris

 

Rocky Mountain zinnia

 

rockyscree false goldenaster

 

rose heath

 

Rose’s ticktrefoil

 

rosy gilia

 

rough cocklebur

 

     
rough draba

 

rough menodora

 

roughseed clammyweed

 

rue of the mountains

 

Rusby’s globemallow

 

Rusby’s milkwort

 

sacred thorn-apple

 

     
San Felipe dogweed

 

sand fringepod

 

sand peppergrass

 

sanddune wallflower

 

Santa Catalina Mountain phlox

 

sawtooth sage

 

scarlet beeblossom

 

     
scarlet cinquefoil

 

scarlet four o’clock

 

scarlet gilia

 

scarlet hedgenettle

 

scarlet spiderling

 

Scotch thistle

 

Scouler’s St. Johnswort

 

     
seaside petunia

 

seep monkeyflower

 

Senator Mine alumroot

 

shaggy dwarf morning-glory

 

shepherd’s purse

 

shorthair goldenrod

 

shortstem lupine

 

     
shrubby purslane

 

silkcotton purslane

 

silky sophora

 

silver dwarf morning-glory

 

silver puffs

 

silverleaf nightshade

 

silvery lupine

 

     
sixweeks prairie clover

 

sleepy catchfly

 

slender goldenweed

 

slender phlox

 

slimflower scurfpea

 

slimleaf bean

 

slimleaf plainsmustard

 

     
Small matweed

 

small-flowered globe mallow

 

smallflowered milkvetch

 

smooth beggartick

 

smooth spreading four o’clock

 

smooththroat stoneseed

 

snapdragon vine

 

     
Sonoran giant hyssop

 

Sonoran prairie clover

 

Sonoran sandmat

 

sorrel buckwheat

 

southwest mock verain

 

Southwestern annual saltmarsh

 

southwestern cosmos

 

     
southwestern pricklypoppy

 

spear globemallow

 

spearleaf brickellbush

 

spearmint

 

spider milkweed

 

spiny sowthistle

 

spotted knapweed

 

     
spotted ladysthumb

 

spotted sandmat

 

Spreadfruit goldenbanner

 

spreading chinchweed

 

spreading fanpetals

 

spreading fleabane

 

spreading wallflower

 

     
stemless four-nerve daisy

 

stemless Townsend daisy

 

stream orchid

 

sulphur-flower buckwheat

 

sunbright

 

sweet four o’clock

 

tall annual willowherb

 

     
tall morningglory

 

tall mountain larkspur

 

tall tumblemustard

 

tansyleaf tansyaster

 

tansymustard

 

tapertip onion,

 

tarragon

 

     
tasselflower brickelbush

 

Texas bindweed

 

Texas croton

 

Texas milkvine

 

Texas storksbill

 

thicksepal cryptantha

 

Thompson’s beardtongue

 

     
threadleaf ragwort

 

threadstem carpet weed

 

threadstem sandmat

 

threenerve goldenrod

 

Thurber’s penstemon

 

Thurber’s pepperweed

 

thymeleaf sandmat

 

     
toadflax penstemon

 

toothleaf goldeneye

 

Torrey’s milkvetch

 

touristplant

 

tower rockcress

 

trailing fleabane

 

trailing four o’clock

 

     
Transpecos morning-glory

 

tuber anemone

 

tufted evening primrose

 

tufted globe amaranth

 

tumbling saltweed

 

twincrest onion

 

twinleaf senna

 

     
upright blue beardtongue

 

upright prairie coneflower

 

varileaf phacelia

 

veiny brickellbush

 

velvetseed milkwort

 

velvetweed

 

Virginia pepperweed

 

     
warty caltrop

 

warty spurge

 

washerwoman

 

water knotweed

 

water speedwell

 

water-plantain

 

watercress

 

     
wavyleaf twinevine

 

weakleaf bur ragweed

 

wedgeleaf draba

 

western ragweed

 

western rockjasmine

 

western springbeauty

 

western water hemlock

 

     
western white clematis

 

western yarrow

 

Wheeler’s thistle

 

wheelscale saltbush

 

whisperingbells

 

white clover

 

white milkwort

 

     
white panicle aster 

 

white prairie aster

 

white prairie clover

 

white sagebrush

 

White sweet clover

 

white water crowfoot

 

whitedaisy tidytips

 

     
whiteflower prairie clover

 

whitemargin sandmat

 

whitest evening primrose

 

whitestem blazingstar

 

whitestem paperflower

 

wholeleaf Indian paintbrush

 

wild bergamot

 

     
wild celery

 

wild dwarf morning-glory

 

wild mint

 

wild parsnip

 

wild potato winding mariposa lily

 

winecup clarkia

 

     
wingnut cryptantha

 

wingpod purslane

 

wishbone fiddleleaf

 

Woodhouse’s phlox

 

woody crinklemat

 

woolly desert marigold

 

woolly eriophyllum

 

     
woolly plantain

 

woolly tidestromia

 

woollyhead neststraw

 

Wright’s bedstraw

 

Wright’s cudweed

 

Wright’s deervetch

 

Wright’s goldenrod

 

     
Wright’s thelypody

 

Wright’s thimblehead

 

yellow evening primrose

 

yellow hawkweed

 

yellow linanthus

 

yellow nightshade groundcherry

 

yellow salsify

 

     
yellow spiderflower

 

yellow-spine thistle

 

               
       
Grasses        
                   
annual muhly

 

annual rabbitsfoot grass

 

Arizona cottontop

 

Arizona fescue

 

Barnyard grass

 

Bermudagrass

 

big sacaton

 

     
black dropseed

 

black grama

 

blue grama

 

bristly wolfstail

 

buffalograss

 

bulb panicgrass

 

bullgrass

 

     
burrograss

 

bush muhly

 

cane beardgrass

 

cheatgrass

 

creeping muhly

 

curly-mesquite

 

deergrass

 

     
delicate muhly

 

feather fingergrass

 

foxtail barley

 

fringed brome

 

green sprangletop

 

hairy grama

 

hairy woollygrass

 

     
Hall’s panicgrass

 

Indian ricegrass

 

Indiangrass

 

Johnsongrass

 

Junegrass

 

Kentucky bluegrass

 

little barley

 

     
low woollygrass

 

marshland muhly

 

mat grama

 

Mexican lovegrass

 

mountain muhly

 

muttongrass

 

needle grama

 

     
New Mexico feathergrass

 

New Mexico muhly

 

nineawn pappusgrass

 

orchardgrass

 

perennial ryegrass

 

pine dropseed

 

plains lovegrass

 

     
purple lovegrass

 

purple threeawn

 

red brome

 

ring muhly

 

ripgut brome

 

rough bentgrass

 

sand dropseed

 

     
sideoats grama

 

sixweeks grama

 

sixweeks threeawn

 

slim tridens

 

smooth brome

 

spidergrass

 

spike dropseed

 

     
spike muhly

 

squirreltail

 

stinkgrass

 

streambed bristlegrass

 

tall wheatgrass

 

tanglehead

 

tobosagrass

 

     
tumblegrass

 

vine mesquite

 

weeping lovegrass

 

western wheatgrass

 

wild oat

 

witchgrass

 

       
       
Shrubs        
                   
American threefold

 

apache plume

 

ashy silktassel

 

blue elderberry

 

broom snakeweed

 

California buckthorn

 

canotia

 

     
catclaw mimosa

 

cliff fendlerbush

 

common hoptree

 

creeping barberry

 

creosote bush

 

deerbrush

 

desert baccharis

 

     
desert broom

 

Emory’s baccharis

 

fairyduster

 

false indigo

 

featherplume

 

Fendler ceanothus

 

four-wing saltbush

 

     
Fremont’s mahonia

 

golden currant

 

gray felt thorn

 

gray thorn

 

greenleaf manzanita

 

gregg ceanothus

 

hollyleaf buckthorn

 

     
jojoba

 

littleleaf ratany

 

Mexican cliffrose

 

mormon tea

 

mountain snowberry

 

New Mexico olive

 

New Mexico raspberry

 

     
ocotillo

 

pointleaf manzanita

 

purple sage

 

rabbit thorn

 

red barberry

 

roundleaf snowberry

 

rubber rabbitbrush

 

     
shortleaf baccharis

 

shrub live oak

 

shrubby buckwheat

 

skunk bush

 

slender buckwheat

 

spiny greasebush

 

sugar sumac

 

     
true mountain mahogany

 

turpentine bush

 

Utah Serviceberry

 

Virgin River brittlebush

 

water wally

 

wax currant

 

western poison ivy

 

     
winterfat

 

Woods’ rose

 

Woods’ rose

 

Wright silk tassel

 

Wright’s baccharis

 

Wright’s beebrush

 

yellowleaf manzanita

 

     
yerba santa

 

yerba-de-pasmo

 

               
       
Trees                  
                   
alligator juniper

 

Arizona alder

 

Arizona cypress

 

Arizona sycamore

 

Arizona walnut

 

Arizona white oak

 

bigtooth maple

 

     
black cherry

 

black elderberry

 

blue paloverde

 

boxelder

 

canyon live oak

 

catclaw acacia

 

chokecherry

 

     
coyote willow

 

desert ironwood

 

desert willow

 

Douglas-fir

 

Emory oak

 

Fremont cottonwood

 

Gambel oak

 

     
Goodding willow

 

honey mesquite

 

narrowleaf cottonwood

 

netleaf hackberry

 

New Mexico locust

 

one seed juniper

 

Palmer oak

 

     
pinyon pine

 

ponderosa pine

 

quaking aspen

 

red willow

 

redberry juniper

 

Rocky Mountain juniper

 

Russian olive

 

     
saltcedar

 

screwbean mesquite

 

Siberian elm

 

singleleaf ash

 

singleleaf pinyon

 

smooth sumac

 

southern catalpa

 

     
Texas mulberry

 

tree of heaven

 

Utah juniper

 

velvet ash

 

velvet mesquite

 

western soapberry

 

white fir

 

     
white mulberry

 

yellow paloverde

 

               
       
Vines                  
                   
canyon grape

 

Virginia creeper

 

white virgin’s bower

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     
                   

 

 
  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 6.0  
http://cals.arizona.edu/yavapaiplants/CommonNameIndex.php  
Last Updated: June 24, 2016  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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