Category Archives: Uncategorized

Discovering Education – Grand Canyon

Discovering Education – Grand Canyon

We love to take field trips and learn about new (and old) places. This week on Discovering Education, we took a trip up to the Grand Canyon. 


Have you met a Muscovy Duck?

Have you met a Muscovy Duck?

Muscovies are not related to any other duck, in fact, some believe they are possibly descended from geese rather than ducks. They are amazing additions to any homestead or farm. 

Muscovies are a silent duck (Yes, you read that, and they have amazing caruncles on their face and necks. They also have long claws and will roost in trees if they want, unlike other ducks that I have raised over the years. 

Muscovy Eggs

Ducks eggs are the richest, creamiest, smoothest eggs going. We use duck eggs in our baking and it tends to make cakes rise more and be fluffier. Muscovies, however, are not year-round layers, so if you are looking for year-round duck eggs, this is not necessarily the breed for you. 

Muscovy Ducks Used for Meat

Muscovy meat is dark and very lean. It’s worth knowing that the boys weigh in much heavier than the girls and can be up to twice their weights. 

Feeding you Ducks

In the summer months our birds will require very little extra food as they forage plenty even on our little homestead in Northern Arizona, but in the colder months they’ll need feeding a duck or  chicken feed daily. My do like to forrage through the Kune Pigs’ Alfalfa feeder in the winter time as well. 


Repost – Aquaponics

After a heavy storm, we took down our aquaponics system. It will be going back up in the garden in the next few months.

Here is a video of what we had up and running before. 

Make sure to like and subscribe to our youtube channel.

becoming a VIPKid teacher

This year, our family has made a few changes. I began working as a VIPKid teacher in February. With my ankle still recovering from the September surgery and the doctors telling me that it could be up to 2 years for a full recovery, I have had to “slow down” a few our activities. However, no one said that I couldn’t teach from the comfort of my own dining room. And have fun while I worked.

As of July 3rd, I have officially been a teacher with them for 151 days and taught over 1030 classes to 408 different students. 

The biggest change is my sleeping schedule. As a teacher for Chinese students, I have to work on a China clock, not an American clock.  The best classes for Arizona are from 4-6am. So those are the classes that I teach. I also teach the 3:30 am classes and the 6am-6:30 class. For the summer, I have evenings opened up 4 days a week and teach Friday nights regularly.

I love that most of my schedule is before the crew even gets up and going in the morning. That has made it the perfect job for me. I can still run our homestead, still homeschool and most of all can still spend time with my children who very much welcome an afternoon nap with mom. πŸ™‚


Check out my Youtube page with more information / videos on VIPKid Journey 

Are you ready to get started with VIPKid? They are always looking for new teachers: 



Raising your own meat – Oathkeepers Preparedness Class,

[sdm_download id=”4910″ fancy=”0″ new_window=”1″ color=”green”]
I love that my children can stand up in front of a group and share everything that has to with their homestead animals and the meat that comes along with it. Shelby and Elwyn had a GREAT presentation for the Oathkeepers. 
by Shelby Fullmer – August 12, 2017


Food – Alfalfa pellets, basic greens like kale, spinach, chard, leaf lettuce (NOT iceberg, cabbage or broccoli), alfalfa, timothy, and bermuda hays, carrots, even small quantities of raspberries, tomatoes and strawberries.  

Shelter – Rabbit hutches or colony living with buried wire with shade/cover to protect from weather.


Gestation period – 28 days – up to 14 babies

Male rabbits go sterile in severe heat and all rabbits need a cooling system in Arizona in the summer time. Frozen water bottles, fans, misting systems, in a cooler shelter, etc. are all good ways to keep your rabbits cool.

Uses of Rabbits – Meat, bones for broth, leather, fur, manure

A few of the meat breeds of rabbits for meat, Rex, New Zealand, Californians, American Chinchilla, Silver Foxes, Flemish Giants

Website with more information on breeds –



Dual Purpose Chickens are the best egg laying hens combined with the best meat chickens. The truth of the matter is that there are plenty of chicken breeds that are good for both purposes.  Includes Rhone Island Reds, wynnedottes, barred rocks, orphingtons, Jersey Giants – all full sized chickens. For smaller meat and egg production Bantams or (mini chickens) lay smaller eggs and are about half the meat size of a regular chicken.  

Food – Layer, seed, oyster shells/ground egg shells for extra calcium, bugs, produce/greens, kitchen scraps (no meat)

Shelter – Coop to protect, layer boxes with hay, ground shavings/hay

Incubation times – Bantam 19-21 days, Full sized chickens – 20-22 days

Uses of chickens – Meat, bones for broth, feathers, fertilizer, insect control, garden prepping.

Website with more information on breeds


Birds including ducks and geese

Heavy and medium weight ducks typically are raised for meat production. The main breeds are the Pekin and the Muscovy. Around 90 percent of the duck meat produced in the United States is from the Pekin. Commercial producers are able to obtain a duck weighing 7 to 8 pounds in seven weeks.

Food – Layer chow, oyster shells/ground egg shells for extra calcium, bugs, produce/greens.  

Shelter – Coop to protect, layer boxes with hay, ground shavings/hay, swimming pool/pond

Incubation times – 28 days

Uses of waterfowl – Meat, bones for broth/soup, feathers, fertilizer.

More information on raising waterfowl –


Fast growing animals for meat and eggs. In 8 weeks they are full grown and laying eggs between 8-10 weeks old.

Food – game bird chow, oyster shells/ground egg shells for extra calcium, bugs like mealworms, produce/greens, excess eggs – Quail need at least a 25% protein to lay.  

Shelter – Smaller rabbit hutches work great for quail.  Or larger enclosed coops

Incubation times – 16-17 days

Uses of quail – Meat (mainly breast meat), bones for broth/soup, feathers, fertilizer.

Information on Coturnix quail –


Game Birds – Chukars (Partridges) and Pheasants

Food – gamebird feed and cracked corn in the winter for all your birds. You can also give them treats like fruit, veggies, mealworms, peanuts, and wild bird seed.

Shelter – Large enclosed pens with coop.

Incubation times – Chukar – 23 days, ring necked pheasants – 24-25

Uses – Meat, bones for broth/soup, feathers, fertilizer.

More information on Game Birds –

Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

We are always researching for our preparedness and we came across this chart of all of the local plant in Yavapai County.  

Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants    
Common Name Index

  Home   Plant Communities Plant List Search Forbs Search Grasses Search Woody Plants Additional Resources About this Website


View Scientific Names
Agave and Yuccas
banana yucca




fineleaf yucca


goldenflower century


Parry’s agave


soaptree yucca




beavertail cactus


brown-spine prickly pear


cactus apple


Christmas cholla


claret cup cactus


Common beehive cactus


dollarjoint pricklypear


Engelmann’s hedgehog cactus


Graham’s nipple cactus


pinkflower hedgehog 




strawberry hedgehog


whipple cholla


Abert’s buckwheat


Adonis blazingstar


Albert’s creeping zinnia




alkali buttercup


alpine pennygrass


Alpine woodsorrel


American black nightshade


American dragonhead


American speedwell


American vetch


American wild carrot


annual Townsend daisy


Apache lobelia


aridland goosefoot


Arizona bladderpod


Arizona mousetail


Arizona popcornflower


Arizona poppy


Arizona ragwort


Arizona scarlet-bugler


Arizona thistle


Arizona valerian


ashen milkvetch


aspen fleabane


baby slippers


bajada lupine


basin bladderpod


bastard toadflax


bearded cryptantha


beardlip penstemon




betonyleaf brickellbush


biannual lettuce


bigbract verbena


Bigelow onion


Bigelow’s amaranth


Bigelow’s linanthus


birdbill dayflower


birdsfoot trefoil


bitter dock


black bindweed


black medic


black mustard


blue milkwort


blue skullcap


Bluebonnet lupine




blunt tansymustard




branched noseburn


bridge penstemon


bristlecup sandmat


broadfruit combseed


Broadleaf cattail


broadleaf lupine


broom milkwort




brownplume wirelettuce


buffalobur nightshade


butterfly milkweed


caliche globe mallow


California brickellbush


California caltrop


California cottonrose


California plumeseed




Canada goldenrod


Canadian horseweed


Canadian white violet


canaigre dock






Carruth’s sagewort




chaparral fleabane


chaparral nightshade




Chihuahuan brickellbush


clasping Venus’ looking-glass


Cleveland’s desertdandelion


clustered broomrape


Colorado four o’clock


Columbian monkshood


common dandelion


common hop


common mallow


common mouse-ear chickweed


common mullein


Common plantain


common sheep sorrel


common sowthistle


common sunflower


Cooper’s rubberweed


Coulter’s spiderling


Coulter’s wrinklefruit


cream cup


crested anoda


crestrib morning-glory






curly dock


curlycup gumweed


curlytop gumweed


curlytop knotweed


curvepod fumewort


curveseed butterwort


cushion cryptantha


cutleaf coneflower


cutleaf waterparsnip


Dakota mock vervain


Dalmatian toadflax


Davidson’s buckwheat


dense false gilyflower


desert biscuitroot


desert broomrape


desert globemallow


desert Indian paintbrush


desert marigold


desert mariposa lily


desert penstemon


desert princesplume


desert tobacco


desert trumpet


desert wishbone-bush


desert woollystar


devil’s beggartick


devil’s claw


diffuse knapweed


distant phacelia


dotted smartweed


doubting mariposa lily


Douglas’ knotweed


Drummond’s false pennyroyal


dwarf false pennyroyal


dwarf four o’clock


dwarf Indian mallow


dwarf milkweed


dwarf prairie clover


dwarf stickpea


Eastern Mojave buckwheat


Eastwood’s monkeyflower


Engelmann’s milkweed


erect spiderling


eyed gilia


fall tansyaster


false agoseris


false boneset


Fendler’s desert dandelion


Fendler’s drymary


Fendler’s globemallow


Fendler’s meadow-rue


Fendler’s sandwort


fetid goosefoot


fewflower beggartick


field anoda


field bindweed


field sagewort




fineleaf hymenopappus


firecracker penstemon




fivewing spiderling


flatspine bur ragweed


flatspine stickseed


flaxflowered ipomopsis


foothill deervetch


Fort Bowie prairie clover


fragrant snakeroot


freckled milkvetch


fringed redmaids


fringed rockdaisy


fringed twinevine


fringed willowherb


Fuller’s teasel


garden asparagus


glandular threadplant


golden columbine


golden crownbeard


golden tickseed


gooseberryleaf globemallow


Gordon’s bladderpod


Graham’s ticktrefoil


grassleaf mudplantain


great ragweed


greenleaf five eyes


greenspot nightshade


groundcover milkvetch


hairy beggarticks


hairy evening primrose


halfmoon milkvetch






head sandmat


henbit deadnettle


herb sophia


hiddenflower phacelia


Hill’s lupine


hoary Townsend daisy


Hooker’s evening primrose




horned pondweed


horned spurge


horsetail milkweed


hummingbird trumpet


husk tomato


hyssopleaf sandmat


Indian rushpea




ivyleaf groundcherry 


ivyleaf morning-glory


James’ buckwheat


James’ cryptantha


Jerusalem oak goosefoot




largeflower onion


leafy pondweed


least duckweed


lesser wirelettuce


Lewis flax


limestone bedstraw


limestone phacelia


Lindley’s silverpuffs


little bur-clover


little hogweed


little redstem monkeyflower


littleleaf brickellbush


lobeleaf groundsel


London rocket


longcapsule suncup


longleaf cologania


longleaf false goldeneye


longleaf pondweed


Loomis’ thimblehead


Louisiana vetch


MacDougal’s Indian parsley


maiden blue eyed Mary


Maltese star-thistle


Mangas Spring phacelia


manyflowered ipomopsis






mat amaranth


mealy goosefoot


Mearn’s bird’s-foot trefoil


Menzies’ fiddleneck


mesa tansyaster


Metcalfe’s ticktrefoil


Mexican gold poppy


miner’s lettuce


miniature woollystar


Missouri goldenrod


Missouri gourd


mock cypress


Mojave milkweed


moth combseed


moth mullein


narrowleaf four o’clock


narrowleaf plantain


narrowleaf stoneseed


narrowstem cryptantha


Navajo fleabane


netted globecherry


Nevada biscuitroot


Nevada cryptantha


Nevada pea


New Mexico copperleaf


New Mexico fleabane


New Mexico plumeseed


New Mexico thistle


New Mexico ticktrefoil


night scented stock


Nuttall’s linanthus


Oak Creek ragwort


oblongleaf false pennyroyal


orange fameflower


pale evening primrose


Palmer’s buckwheat


Palmer’s penstemon


Pennsylvania pellitory


Pennsylvania smartweed




perennial rockcress


pineywoods geranium


pink alumroot


pinyon goosefoot


pitseed goosefoot


plains blackfoot


plains flax, yellow flax


poison hemlock


Powell’s amaranth


prairie spiderwort


prairie sunflower


prickly lettuce


prickly Russian thistle


pricklyleaf dogweed


prostrate knotweed


prostrate pigweed


prostrate sandmat




purple bird’s-beak


purple locoweed


purple loosestrife


purple owl clover


purplenerve springparsley


pygmy bluet


radishroot woodsorrel


ragleaf bahia


red dome blanketflower


redroot amaranth


redroot buckwheat


redroot cryptantha


redwhisker clammyweed


ribseed sandmat


Richardson’s geranium


Rocky Mountain iris


Rocky Mountain zinnia


rockyscree false goldenaster


rose heath


Rose’s ticktrefoil


rosy gilia


rough cocklebur


rough draba


rough menodora


roughseed clammyweed


rue of the mountains


Rusby’s globemallow


Rusby’s milkwort


sacred thorn-apple


San Felipe dogweed


sand fringepod


sand peppergrass


sanddune wallflower


Santa Catalina Mountain phlox


sawtooth sage


scarlet beeblossom


scarlet cinquefoil


scarlet four o’clock


scarlet gilia


scarlet hedgenettle


scarlet spiderling


Scotch thistle


Scouler’s St. Johnswort


seaside petunia


seep monkeyflower


Senator Mine alumroot


shaggy dwarf morning-glory


shepherd’s purse


shorthair goldenrod


shortstem lupine


shrubby purslane


silkcotton purslane


silky sophora


silver dwarf morning-glory


silver puffs


silverleaf nightshade


silvery lupine


sixweeks prairie clover


sleepy catchfly


slender goldenweed


slender phlox


slimflower scurfpea


slimleaf bean


slimleaf plainsmustard


Small matweed


small-flowered globe mallow


smallflowered milkvetch


smooth beggartick


smooth spreading four o’clock


smooththroat stoneseed


snapdragon vine


Sonoran giant hyssop


Sonoran prairie clover


Sonoran sandmat


sorrel buckwheat


southwest mock verain


Southwestern annual saltmarsh


southwestern cosmos


southwestern pricklypoppy


spear globemallow


spearleaf brickellbush




spider milkweed


spiny sowthistle


spotted knapweed


spotted ladysthumb


spotted sandmat


Spreadfruit goldenbanner


spreading chinchweed


spreading fanpetals


spreading fleabane


spreading wallflower


stemless four-nerve daisy


stemless Townsend daisy


stream orchid


sulphur-flower buckwheat




sweet four o’clock


tall annual willowherb


tall morningglory


tall mountain larkspur


tall tumblemustard


tansyleaf tansyaster




tapertip onion,




tasselflower brickelbush


Texas bindweed


Texas croton


Texas milkvine


Texas storksbill


thicksepal cryptantha


Thompson’s beardtongue


threadleaf ragwort


threadstem carpet weed


threadstem sandmat


threenerve goldenrod


Thurber’s penstemon


Thurber’s pepperweed


thymeleaf sandmat


toadflax penstemon


toothleaf goldeneye


Torrey’s milkvetch




tower rockcress


trailing fleabane


trailing four o’clock


Transpecos morning-glory


tuber anemone


tufted evening primrose


tufted globe amaranth


tumbling saltweed


twincrest onion


twinleaf senna


upright blue beardtongue


upright prairie coneflower


varileaf phacelia


veiny brickellbush


velvetseed milkwort




Virginia pepperweed


warty caltrop


warty spurge




water knotweed


water speedwell






wavyleaf twinevine


weakleaf bur ragweed


wedgeleaf draba


western ragweed


western rockjasmine


western springbeauty


western water hemlock


western white clematis


western yarrow


Wheeler’s thistle


wheelscale saltbush




white clover


white milkwort


white panicle aster 


white prairie aster


white prairie clover


white sagebrush


White sweet clover


white water crowfoot


whitedaisy tidytips


whiteflower prairie clover


whitemargin sandmat


whitest evening primrose


whitestem blazingstar


whitestem paperflower


wholeleaf Indian paintbrush


wild bergamot


wild celery


wild dwarf morning-glory


wild mint


wild parsnip


wild potato winding mariposa lily


winecup clarkia


wingnut cryptantha


wingpod purslane


wishbone fiddleleaf


Woodhouse’s phlox


woody crinklemat


woolly desert marigold


woolly eriophyllum


woolly plantain


woolly tidestromia


woollyhead neststraw


Wright’s bedstraw


Wright’s cudweed


Wright’s deervetch


Wright’s goldenrod


Wright’s thelypody


Wright’s thimblehead


yellow evening primrose


yellow hawkweed


yellow linanthus


yellow nightshade groundcherry


yellow salsify


yellow spiderflower


yellow-spine thistle


annual muhly


annual rabbitsfoot grass


Arizona cottontop


Arizona fescue


Barnyard grass




big sacaton


black dropseed


black grama


blue grama


bristly wolfstail




bulb panicgrass






bush muhly


cane beardgrass




creeping muhly






delicate muhly


feather fingergrass


foxtail barley


fringed brome


green sprangletop


hairy grama


hairy woollygrass


Hall’s panicgrass


Indian ricegrass








Kentucky bluegrass


little barley


low woollygrass


marshland muhly


mat grama


Mexican lovegrass


mountain muhly




needle grama


New Mexico feathergrass


New Mexico muhly


nineawn pappusgrass




perennial ryegrass


pine dropseed


plains lovegrass


purple lovegrass


purple threeawn


red brome


ring muhly


ripgut brome


rough bentgrass


sand dropseed


sideoats grama


sixweeks grama


sixweeks threeawn


slim tridens


smooth brome




spike dropseed


spike muhly






streambed bristlegrass


tall wheatgrass








vine mesquite


weeping lovegrass


western wheatgrass


wild oat




American threefold


apache plume


ashy silktassel


blue elderberry


broom snakeweed


California buckthorn




catclaw mimosa


cliff fendlerbush


common hoptree


creeping barberry


creosote bush




desert baccharis


desert broom


Emory’s baccharis




false indigo




Fendler ceanothus


four-wing saltbush


Fremont’s mahonia


golden currant


gray felt thorn


gray thorn


greenleaf manzanita


gregg ceanothus


hollyleaf buckthorn




littleleaf ratany


Mexican cliffrose


mormon tea


mountain snowberry


New Mexico olive


New Mexico raspberry




pointleaf manzanita


purple sage


rabbit thorn


red barberry


roundleaf snowberry


rubber rabbitbrush


shortleaf baccharis


shrub live oak


shrubby buckwheat


skunk bush


slender buckwheat


spiny greasebush


sugar sumac


true mountain mahogany


turpentine bush


Utah Serviceberry


Virgin River brittlebush


water wally


wax currant


western poison ivy




Woods’ rose


Woods’ rose


Wright silk tassel


Wright’s baccharis


Wright’s beebrush


yellowleaf manzanita


yerba santa




alligator juniper


Arizona alder


Arizona cypress


Arizona sycamore


Arizona walnut


Arizona white oak


bigtooth maple


black cherry


black elderberry


blue paloverde




canyon live oak


catclaw acacia




coyote willow


desert ironwood


desert willow




Emory oak


Fremont cottonwood


Gambel oak


Goodding willow


honey mesquite


narrowleaf cottonwood


netleaf hackberry


New Mexico locust


one seed juniper


Palmer oak


pinyon pine


ponderosa pine


quaking aspen


red willow


redberry juniper


Rocky Mountain juniper


Russian olive




screwbean mesquite


Siberian elm


singleleaf ash


singleleaf pinyon


smooth sumac


southern catalpa


Texas mulberry


tree of heaven


Utah juniper


velvet ash


velvet mesquite


western soapberry


white fir


white mulberry


yellow paloverde


canyon grape


Virginia creeper


white virgin’s bower












  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 6.0  
Last Updated: June 24, 2016  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
Legal Disclaimer  


Christmas traditions – Rosette cookies

imageEvery year, we have little Christmas traditions that we, as a family, have during the season.  One of them like many other families is making Christmas cookies. With so many kids in the family, cookies don’t last  too long. We love making rosette cookies. We have several rosette irons, 2 of which are antiques that we picked up from yard sales.  And since my Larry is a cookie moster, these are a hit at our house. 

Here is the recipe that we use… Yes you can substitute  goat’s milk and white rice flour. 


  • 2 eggs
  • 1 tablespoon white sugar
  • 1 cup sifted all-purpose flour
  • 1 cup milk
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt
  • vegetable oil for frying
  • sifted confectioners’ sugar


  1. Combine eggs, sugar and salt; beat well. Add remaining ingredients and beat until smooth. I do this with a whisk.
  2. Heat a rosette iron in deep, hot oil (375 degrees) for 2 minutes.
  3. Drain excess oil from iron. Dip in batter to 1/4 inch from the top of the iron, then dip iron immediately into hot oil (375 degrees).
  4. Fry rosette until golden, about 30 seconds. Lift out; tip upside down to drain. 
  5. Reheat iron 1 minutein oil; make next rosette.
  6. Sprinkle rosettes with powdered sugar.


Have you see our cookbook? Solar oven cooking.



Learn Solar OvenΒ Cooking with this book by Kris Mazy.

An Outdoor Kitchen Full of Sunshine – Cooking Outside in a Solar Oven. Saving money is the key to a large family. No one know better than author, Kris Mazy, mom of 7 amazing children. In this book, Kris shares cooking using a solar oven. You can make incredible meals, save money on power and propane and spend more time with your family. You Can Cook using the Sun’s Energy! Over 100 Recipes that you can make and create user your solar oven. Kris has spent the last 3 years creating solar oven recipes to allow more play-time with her ever-growing family. And that was exactly what this mom of 7 was shooting for! From Breads to Desserts, Mains to Sides, Cooking Outside Using a Solar Oven is fast, easy and saves money! Kris has also shared all of her solar oven gluten-free recipes. Over 50 recipes are labled as gluten-free in this book. Enjoy delicious recipes while saving time and money.